With the advent and an increasing reliance on technology, about 40 million of electronic wastes are being created throughout the world. This whooping number has cost the health and environment of the people and the planet we live in. While most of the e wastes are dumped in landfills, 15 million of the e wastes are being transported to developing countries for recycling. Even if the word ‘recycling’ sounds safe, the risks the country carries is not as satisfying as it sounds. E wastes serves as a mixture of variety of toxic materials that could provide benefits if it is retrieved after recycling. However, it can also impose greater damage on the environment and the health of the people if it let to stay as wastes. E wastes contain lead, cadmium, mercury, gold, polyvinylchloride, arsenic and many other metals in trace amounts that forms complexes with soil and water elements, disrupting the natural eco systems.
Apart from this, health effects like respiratory, neurological and cardio logical symptoms also manifests along with carcinogenic effects. Informal markets in the developing countries like China, India and Vietnam cause pollution that has been increasing ever since the 21st century. The potential revenue from e waste is 2.15 billion euros. Recycling has yielded resources like gold, copper, silver and aluminum that could be reused, owing to its limited potential to be exploited. NGOS and National Governments have been working to bring out a better solution to the problems of recycling the e wastes. One of such measure is The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal bans the exchange of hazardous waste, including e-waste, between developed and developing countries.
The biggest challenges that many nations face is the emergence of sophisticated complex nanoscale design product from which the resources are hard to retrieve. With ongoing researches and better industrial development, the recycling industries will have the flexibility to cope up with multi waste streams